Emergency Exits

Obligations for public buildings in terms of evacuation

Our Solutions

Reference to standard

An Emergency Exit is an exit used for safe and rapid evacuation during an emergency or panic situation.

This type of exit generally leads straight to the outside of the building.

This is also an access point from the outside which contributes to a building's security environment.

Emergency exits are above all required in compliance with safety rules set by current regulations under Public Buildings Regulations (ERP in France).

As assessment of the risks associated with evacuation is based on the following criteria:

  • Type of establishment and associated regulations.
  • Presence of public or persons familiar or not with the building, emergency exits and equipment.
  • Level of footfall and density of groups using the building. Establishment visited by the elderly, disabled persons or children.

These criteria allow you to define the measures to be implemented during emergencies and to assess the risk of panic or emergency situations.

Protecting people

In any public building, the people present (whether familiar with the building or not) must be able to evacuate the building efficiently and rapidly in case of fire or an emergency.

Also, emergency exits, whose number and width of opening depend on the building's visitor capacity, must be free of obstacles and never blocked with merchandise or other objects.

Fire detection

Whether set up as standalone or centralized units, emergency exits must be connected by law to the building's Fire Detection or Fire Safety System (DI/SSI/SDI).In case of a fire emergency, the unlocking of all emergency exits is ordered via an evacuation message.

Standalone emergency exits*

If an emergency exit is a standalone unit, it is locked by a permanent Active Security Device. This device is opened by a manual trigger device colored green in case of necessity.

Centralized emergency exits

Where the number of emergency exits is large, these can be managed by a Centralized Emergency Exit Control Unit (UGCIS). All access points within the dedicated alarm zone are then monitored and may be unlocked remotely.

In this scenario, the evacuation order is made via an Exit Open Request Device (DDO). Connected to the Control Unit, the security PC can then authorize the immediate or timed unlocking of the Active Security Device.

Any questions?

EN 179 for emergency exit devices

Emergency exit devices operated by a lever handle or push pad, for use on escape routes Our approved products: SPEAD LINE.


EN 1125 for panic exit devices

Panic exit devices operated by a horizontal bar, for use on escape routes. Our approved products: 20602, AFORA, SPEAD Line with horizontal push bar.


NF S 61-937 for ASD

French standard authorizing the locking of emergency exit doors in public buildings. The locking system must comply with the standard in order to be installed.
Our approved products : SPEAD LINE – LSS - Micrel V2IP – 27600 –VAP – VAP3 – SLB4 – Optima 169.

Approved products

To ensure the effectiveness of products installed on emergency exits, they are tested by official independent safety testing organizations (CNPP in France) which produce a compliance certificate.

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